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我国建筑业发展循环经济的法律思考

毕业论文论文   点击:次   发布时间:2006-7-27   【字体: 】   来源:Gzu521.com
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摘 要: 循环经济是21世纪经济发展最先进的模式,它从根本上缓解和消除了环境与发展之间的矛盾,缓解人类社会的资源矛盾,实现经济活动的生态化转向。世界上先进国家早在上世纪就开始对循环经济进行立法,并通过长期的实践,制订了一整套较为完善的循环经济法律体系。我国与发达国家相比,循环经济发展较为落后,目前还处在源头防污的清洁生产阶段,在法律体系上,只颁布施行了《清洁生产促进法》,而且该部法律条文内容较为原则,无实施细则。我国建筑业在循环经济方向还处于从末端治理向源头防治的过渡阶段,我国建筑业的现状按清洁生产的要求还存在较多不完善,对人类健康和环境污染的现象也尚未完全得到有效控制,故在我国建筑业大力促进清洁生产是十分紧迫且十分重要的。结合发达国家循环经济的立法和模式的成功经验,对我国建筑业促进清洁生产,发展循环经济提出了制订《建筑业清洁生产促进法》,制订和调整建筑业有关规范和标准,根据清洁生产要求修改《建筑法》,制订相关的规章制度等法律建议,使我国建筑业真正做到清洁生产,快速实现循环经济。    关键词: 建筑业 循环经济 法律思考   abstract : circulation economy is the most advanced economic development model in the 21# century. it alleviates and eliminates the contradictory relationship between environment and development, alleviating the scarceness of resources in human society, and achieving ecological transition of economic activities. developed countries began to legislate for circulation economy from last century, and have established a perfect legal system for it through long-term practice. compared with the circulation economy in developed countries, the current situation in china is less advanced, and is still at the stage of clean production, which only functions as initial prevention. from the perspective of legal system, chinese government just enacted the law of advancing clean production, which only contains principled articles instead of detailed accounts for execution. from the viewpoint of circulation economy, construction industry in china has not surpassed the level, on which the final regulation or administration is transiting towards the initial prevention. in accordance with the law, the current situation of construction industry in china has not fulfilled the legal requirements fully, and the phenomena of human health and environmental pollution have not been under control completely yet, so it is urgent and important to advance clean production vigorously in china. combining the successful experiences of legislation and models of circulation economy in developed countries and the current situations in china, this research proposes to establish the law of advancing clean production in construction industry, to set up and adjust standards in construction industry, to amend the law of construction, and to establish relevant regulations and policies, in order to achieve clean production in construction industry and accelerate the realization of circulation economy in china.    关键词: construction industry, circulation economy, considering about law

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